The reason switchgrass should be considered as a biofuel in Canada is due to its geographic situation. Biomass energy is derived from five energy sources: garbage, wood, waste, landfill gases, and alcohol fuels. We definitely have the infrastructures available, but the cost and research aspects of implanting this program would be extremely expensive. They have the ability to retain nutrients in the soil and remain prosperous for many years to come. Therefore, these job losses would eventually be recounted for. 26 Oct. 2012. http://www.worldbookonline.com.ezproxy.torontopubliclibrary.ca/pl/referencecenter/article?id=ar212800&st=switchrass. Thanks so much Ernest. Biofuel Source: Interest in switchgrass as a renewable biofuel resource has been increasing in recent years, primarily in the Southern United States. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a perennial grass that grows natively in Canada and the United States.It is one of the dominant species of plant in the American prairie. Until that day comes, a job loss in the fossil fuel sector is unlikely. Disadvantages. 28 Oct. 2012. Using "urban green," or yard waste to make ethanol requires no new land. On top of that, not only can switchgrass be grown in crops, it can also be grown in public area such as cottage lands o rooftop gardens. Switchgrass itself is a warm-seasoned perennial plant native to North America. Cellulosic biofuels from corn stover and miscanthus were 24% and 29% more expensive than corn ethanol, respectively, and switchgrass biofuel is more than twice as expensive as corn ethanol. BIOFUELS: PROSPECTS, RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES 55 5. Although corn has proven itself as a trustworthy source for biofuels, we would have to give up quite a lot of arable land to be able to grow massive amounts of corn. The reason switchgrass is more productive after it is established is simple. I hope you like this blog. of Applied chemistry and Biochemistry GC University, Fsb 2. As found by some studies, algae has the capability to produce over 30 times more energy per unit area than other 1st and 2nd generation biofuel crops. This would help the government and citizens of Canada. We can conclude that the yield is more beneficial as the years progress. Bio fuels An Alternate Fuel Junaid Ashfaq Msc 4-Semester Dept. The University of Tennessee implanted a research program  with the government wear approximately seventy million dollars of taxpayers money were used towards the plan to produce ethanol from switchgrass. If we look at the structure of switchgrass, we will see that it is extremely tall, therefore its roots are extremely deep. When the oil and fuel that are possible through algae production are compared to these other natural resources, then it can offer roughly 80 times more oil per acre than what we can achieve already. This entails adding water and special enzymes to the cellulose. Web. For the first two years after planting the seeds, farmers have to fertilize the switchgrass periodically, but after those first few years, it is very unlikely switchgrass would need any pesticides, fertilizers or plowing (by tractors). biomass to biofuel. This is on the contrary to corn. It does not require many pesticides due to its own effective defense against insects. Of all possible sources for biofuels, I personally think that switchgrass is indeed the best of the best. This would also help the unnatural interruptions of the various cycles such as the water cycle, which has been sped up immensely. We use fossil fuels when we drive our cars. After that, the sugars are fermented and then made into ethanol. Biofuel advocates frequently point out the advantages of these plant- and animal-based fuels. Scientists have proven that the use of ethanol fuel in cars leads to Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde escaping and polluting our air. 2.It would require us to use 96% of the US land mass for biofuel just to power the current number of cars on the road. We would definitely need to implement money into various research aspects that would focus on switchgrass. Carbon neutral . As the seasons become colder, switchgrass rests dormant and it will not grow. As previously stated, since switchgrass can grow on very poor soil, agricultural companies do not need to be concerned about loss of land and/or money. Cellulosic ethanol is the actual biofuel made from switchgrass. I mean, I know I remember sitting through tireless classes where teachers talk about how fossil fuels are a huge contributor to greenhouse gas emissions… but why? Examples include algae, corn stover, switchgrass or methane emitted from microbial activity in landfills. Switchgrass is an attractive biofuel feedstock because it can grow on marginal lands of little agricultural value. In this video, we can see how the use of switchgrass in the manufacturing of biofuels is becoming an actuality. “Water Center Scientist Studies Environmental Impact of Using Switchgrass as a Biofuel.” Water Center Scientist Studies Environmental Impact of Using Switchgrass as a Biofuel. Among many other benefits, algae can be used to manufacture biofuels similar in composition to today’s transportation fuels. Consequently, the consumption of fossil fuels has also escalated immensely. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Examples of the animals on the verge of becoming extinct are  the sea lion, manatee, and various fish. We are constantly reminded of various predicaments in the world caused by humans. London: Springer, 2012. Web. “Cost and Benefit of Renewable Energy in the European Union.” Academic OneFile. Right now, we have various biofuel enterprises such as Canadian Biofuels which focuses of manufacturing biomass pellets. I personally believe we do have the infrastructures available but as of now, I do not think Canada is ready to take on such a huge responsibility. Biofuels and Sustainability Reports VH Dale et al. I will be discussing a way that we can protect the resources we have and moreover; biodiversity. The would also be economic benefits that could generate money in Canada and increase our labour force. No fuel source is completely positive or completely negative. In Canada, we have lots of marginal farmland notably in Toronto and Montreal. International Plant Nutrition Institute, 30 June 2009. Biofuels are a renewable form of fuel. Switchgrass makes great ethanol, which we will the most popular and practical biofuel there is. One day, if the world would decide to completely devote itself to the use of biofuels, we would be faced with a job loss in the fossil fuel sector. Therefore, despite the expenses  from getting it established, switchgrass will continue to produce year after year without having to replant it. From this graph we can see that switchgrass matures extremely rapidly, if cultivated in a large quantity. I’m Linda Marcus and I will be talking to you about advantages and disadvantages of using switchgrass as a biofuel. Switchgrass is harvested using conventional haying equipment. It is an ideal biomass energy source because of its moderate to high productivity, stand longevity, high moisture and nutrient use efficiency and adaptability to most agricultural regions in North America. As it already grows in abundance in many parts of North America, we would not need to sacrifice much land for the growth of the plant, and the maintenance would not be too difficult as it is very sustainable. In fact, according to the US Department of Energy, it may be able to yield 100 times more oil per acre than soybeans or other terrestrial oil-producing crops. This would help Canada be more of a world leader as Canada would be more active in maintaining green energy. The use of switchgrass as a source for biofuels greatly contributes to fuel security as we know it is a renewable source of energy, meaning it will never run out. Adewumi, Michael A. As you can see, switchgrass is a very promising option when it comes to biofuel sources. “For every unit of nonrenewable energy required to grow switchgrass, we got 6.4 units of energy back,” says Schmer. This would increase the cost of heating homes as shown by the graph. Biofuel is a source of energy derived from the living matter through biological processes. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. Whether it is climate change or  the melting of the polar ice…. Initially used only for erosion control and ornamentation, the grass has recently found use as a biofuel and for the production of biodegradable plastics. Switchgrass also promotes biodiversity as there are various species that live within the plant such as fungal endophyte. The amount of glomalin in soil determines fertility. In addition, switchgrass does not produce any carbon dioxide, but rather takes it in and uses it for itself. I’m Linda Marcus and I will be talking to you about advantages and disadvantages of using switchgrass as a biofuel. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Biomass 844 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction of Biofuels Biofuel feedstock Classification of Biofuels Manufacturing Process of Biofuels Advantages and Disadvantages of Biofuel References Switchgrass has its own effective defenses against insects reducing the need or pesticides. The DISADVANTAGES of Using Switchgrass… Unlike the benefits, there are only two major disadvantages of using switchgrass as a source for biofuels. That would be a factor of price hikes in the food sector. This is no longer a tedious and tiresome class that you sit through. GALE Cengage Learning, 25 June 2011. As of now, the interest and capital investment being put into biofuel production is fairly low but it can match demand. “Switchgrass.” Agricultural Marketing Ressource Centre. Switchgrass is also an extremely effective biofuel as the whole entire blade can be used in the ethanol production. In addition, switchgrass deep roots help take away various pollutants in water. 28 Oct. 2012. As a consumer you also need to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of using biofuels before determining if you are comfortable with this resource. The Canadian government is looking at various ways to implement green energy however there must be more research facilities available before we solely base our energy on a biofuel. Switchgrass is a cellulosic ethanol plant.